What Is Mitragyna Speciosa (Kratom)?
When answering the question “what is mitragyna speciosa kratom?”, it is good to start at the origins of the plant. Mitragyna Speciosa, more commonly known as Kratom, is a fairly new natural product to enter into Western culture, but it has been used for centuries throughout Southeast Asia. Since kratom is a relatively new natural remedy for many individuals, there is a general lack of information and understanding surrounding what is kratom in general. For these reasons, this article will touch on the history of kratom through a review of the origins of kratom, traditional uses, and continued uses in modern times.
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What is Kratom – Traditional Uses
Kratom is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family (Rubiaceae) native to Southeast Asia. As a large evergreen tree, kratom can grow upwards of 80 feet tall while producing lustrous leaves and budding flowers. The veins of the leaves are distinct and vary in color from a light yellow to deep green and brownish red. People across Southeast Asia have been using these leaves for centuries.
What is Kratom – Southeast Asia
For centuries, kratom has been used throughout Southeast Asian countries like Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It has been used to help with pain and energy by those doing strenuous labor. Kratom was used as a local anesthetic to help with coughs, and with intestinal issues like diarrhea. People would chew on kratom leaves and spit out the leaf after a few moments. Another popular way to enjoy kratom would be to brew some leaves in hot water to make a kratom tea. This would be particularly popular in the morning before work and in the evening during a meal with friends and family.
How Kratom Works
Kratom naturally produces nitrogen-based chemicals called Alkaloids that can have pronounced physiological actions on humans. While kratom produces over 40 known alkaloids, the most prevalent and researched are mitragynine, 7-hydroxymitragynine, speciogynine, and paynantheine. Mitragynine typically makes up the majority of the total alkaloid content in kratom. Researchers study it for its potential analgesic (pain relief) effects and for its potential antitussive, antidiarrheal, adrenergic, and antimalarial effects. 7-hydroxymitragynine makes up less than 2% of the total alkaloid content, which is studied for its potentially powerful analgesic properties. Speciogynine and paynantheine alkaloids are typically fairly prevalent in kratom leaves. They are studied as muscle relaxers.
Other alkaloids in kratom include: mitraphylline, ajmalicine, and isorhynchophylline. ETHA research kratom’s alkaloids for their potential as immunostimulants and cerebrocirculants.
ETHA provides kratom tea as triple-filtered powders and convenient pressed tablets. ETHA manufactures whole-leaf kratom leaves into pressed kratom tea tablets, thereby providing the most compact, convenient, and effective form of kratom tea. We use no fillers, binders, or additives in the making of our kratom tablets. Only 100% all-natural whole-leaf kratom pressed into convenient tablets.
¹ Title: Patterns of Kratom use and health impact in the US—Results from an online survey. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 176 (2017) 63-70. Oliver Grundmann: College of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, FL 32610, USA
² Title: Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa): User demographics, use patterns, and implications for the opioid epidemic. . Drug and Alcohol Dependence 208 (2020). Albert Garcia-Romeu, David J. Cox, Kirsten E. Smith, Kelly E. Dunn, Roland R. Griffiths: Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, National Institute of Drug Abuse Intramural Research Program, USA.